Division I Schools Spend More On Athletes Than Education
USATODAY.COM - Public universities competing in NCAA Division I sports spend as much
as six times more per athlete than they spend to educate students, and
likely for the first time per-athlete spending at schools in each of the
six highest-profile football conferences topped $100,000 in 2010, an
analysis of federal and school data finds.
Between 2005 and 2010,
spending by athletic departments rose more than twice as fast as
academic spending on a per-student basis.
spending by 97 public institutions that compete in the top-tier Football
Bowl Subdivision increased the most: 51%, to $92,000, between 2005 and
2010, while median spending on education increased 23%, to just under
$14,000 per full-time student.
Meanwhile, tuition at four-year
public universities increased an average of 38% and state and local
funding rose just 2%, research shows.
At schools where athletic
budgets top $70 million, ticket sales are the largest source of
revenue, followed by contributions and payments for television
agreements and participation in bowl games and tournaments, the report
shows. But fewer than one in eight of the 202 Division I schools in the
report generated more money than they spent in any given year between
2005 and 2010.
Most athletic departments are subsidized in part with student fees and
state and institutional funds because they do not generate enough
revenue to cover all of their costs. That subsidy is the largest and
fastest-growing source of revenue for the lower-tier schools, the study
"Participation in intercollegiate athletics in the United States
comes with a hefty price tag, one that is usually paid in part by state
and institutional funds," says Donna Desrochers, author of the report
released Wednesday by the Delta Cost Project at the non-profit American
Institutes for Research.
The group's analysis was based on data
from the Education Department and data collected by USA TODAY Sports for
its College Athletics Finances Database. A 2012 USA TODAY analysis of
227 Division I public schools found that athletics revenue had increased
54% between 2005 and 2011; the portion of revenue that comes from
student fees and the university increased 57%.
benefits represent the largest athletic expense across all subdivisions,
with about half of budgets going toward coaching. Lower-tier schools
spent more of their budget on student aid.
John Nichols, a
retired journalism professor at Pennsylvania State University and
co-founder of the Coalition on Intercollegiate Athletics, a faculty-led
alliance that seeks changes, says the growing reliance by sports
departments on university funds "can mean in many circumstances one more
assistant coach and one less English professor teaching Shakespeare."
Wednesday, November 27 2013 2:39 AM EST2013-11-27 07:39:32 GMT
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